04 Nov Determine how a hazard and vulnerability analysis
Determine how a hazard and vulnerability analysis is used in the planning process for emergencies.Some of the key emergency and disaster plans required or mandated by state or Federal laws or regulations are as follows:Recognize methods for developing a community profile.Compare and prioritize hazards in a community.Determine how a hazard and vulnerability analysis is used in the planning process for emergencies.Determine and understand the basic features of the National Incident Management SystemIt should be apparent to you that preparing plans for disaster and emergency management can become rather complex not because it is can be difficult due to number of different plans required.Some of the key emergency and disaster plans required or mandated by state or Federal laws or regulations are as follows:State Comprehensive Emergency Management PlanComprehensive Emergency Management School PlanFederal Response PlanRecovery PlanHospital ICS PlanNational Incident Management System (NIMS)NIMS incorporates the use of the incident command system multi-agency or interagency coordination, mutual aid agreements and mutual aid program, the operational area concept and the operational area satellite information system. This constitutes the basic framework of NIMS.NIMS provides for the five level emergency response organization, activated is needed, to provide an effective response to multi-agency and multi-jurisdictional emergencies. The five organizational levels in NIMS are:1. Field2. Local Government3. Operational Area4. Region5. StateNIMS is a management system. NIMS provides an organizational framework and guidance for operation at each level of the states emergency management system. It provides the umbrella under which all response agencies that function in an integrated fashion.Although this module is concerned primarily with the Incident Command System it should be noted that all disasters and emergencies are managed and coordinated at the Local Government level of management or higher. Ultimately, it is State government that is responsible for disaster relief and response. The federal government provides assistance to state and local governments during declared disasters and emergencies. Usually it is the governor of a state that will request federal assistance.Besides the Incident Command System, the other basic components of NIMS are the Multi – Agency Coordination System, the Master Mutual Aid Agreement, Use of Operational Areas, and the Operational Area Satellite Information System (OASIS).Multi-Agency Coordination means the participation of agencies and disciplines involved at any level of the NIMS organization working together in a coordinated effort to facilitate decisions for overall emergency response activities, including the sharing of crucial resources and her prioritization of incidents. Inter-agency Coordination is generally that which takes place among agencies within the jurisdiction. For example, between police fire and public works department’s working together at any emergency operations center.The Master Mutual Aid Agreement in California was originally signed in 1950. Under this agreement, cities, counties and the State joined together to provide for a comprehensive program of voluntarily providing services, resources and facilities to jurisdictions when local resources proved to be inadequate to cope with a given situation.
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